Where to see
Underground Cities;
Up to 8 floors of Underground tunnels and caves in Kaymaklı, Derinkuyu, Özkonak, Mazı, Gaziemir that was constructed due to the Arabian attacks on the way of İstanbul invaditation.
The houses in Kaymaklı village are constructed around the nearly one hundred tunnels of the underground city. The tunnels are still used today as storage areas, stables, and cellars. The tunnels are lower, narrower, and more steeply inclined. Of the four floors open to tourists, each space is organized around ventilation shafts. This makes the design of each room or open space dependent on the availability of ventilation.
Goreme Open Air Museum;
The first Christianity traces, the first examples of cave Churces and fresques in Anatolia.
Cappadocia's most famous attraction, a complex of medieval painted cave churches carved out by Orthodox monks. The first Christianity traces, the first examples of cave Churces and fresques in Anatolia.
There are over 10 cave churches in the Göreme Open Air Museum. Along with rectories, dwellings, and a religious school, they form a large monastic complex carved out of a roughly ring-shaped rock formation in the otherworldy landscape of Cappadocia.
Zelve;
One of the oldest and most complex monastic centers of Cappadocia, is among the earliest-settled and last-abandoned monastic valleys in Cappadocia. Spread out over three valleys, of which two are connected by a tunnel, the monastery is still rich in its own beauty. The valleys can provide you with plenty of hiking and exploring. The complex contains innumerable rooms and passages which also house many pointed fairy chimneys with large stems, at about 40 feet above the valley floor.
Mustafapasa;
Old Greek village remembered as Sinasos where exchange of population and the great interaction between the locals and immigrants has taken place, see blended cultures and traditions in this smart village.
In the last century it was the centre of Cappadocia and rich Greek businessmen from Istanbul built their splendid mansions here. The whole village consists of such mansions and they are all built from square stone blocks of tufa. There are wonderful wall paintings and dainty relief works inside the mansions. The village was mostly inhabited by Greeks who also built many of the churches.
Ihlara Canyon;
Melendiz stream pass through the valley. The whole canyon is honeycombed with rock-cut underground dwellings and churches from the Byzantine period. Due the valley's plentiful supply of water and hidden places, here was the first settlement of the first Christians escaping from Roman soldiers. In the Ihlara Valley there are hundreds of old churches in the volcanic rock caves. The most known churches are Ağaçaltı Church with cross plan, Sümbüllü Church, Pürenliseki Church, Kokar Church, Yilanli Church, Karagedik Church, Kirkdamatli Church, Direkli Church, Ala Church, Kemerli Church and Egritas Church.
Avanos;
Set on the banks of Kizilirmak, the Red River, getting its name from the clay that it deposits. The most famous historical feature of Avanos, which is still relevant and very visible today, is its production of earthenware pottery. The ceramic trade in this district and its countless pottery factories date right back to the Hittites, and the ceramic clay from the red silt of the Kızılırmak has always been used. It is a popular destination because of its attractive old town with cobbled streets, and superb views over the river.
Urgup;
Rock carved dwellings, accommodation and restaurants, clearest fairy chimneys with head, wine cellars.
In the Byzantine period has been called as Osiana, Hagios, Prokopios, in the period of Seljuks as Bashisar and in the period of Ottomans as Burgut Castle. Until the first years of the Republic was called Ürgüp. Ürgüp was the patriarchate center of the Cappadocia region. Having the famous cave hotels and wines is the most important tourism center of the Cappaddocia Region.
The old cave houses were restored as a touristy cave hotel without damaging their historic structure. Among the cave hotels some of the caves have been restored as distraction place as discos and bars.
Pasabaglar;
The mushroom shaped fairy chimney valley is called monks valley because of the chapel of Saint Simon.
Formerly known as the "Monks' Valley", many fairy chimneys with multiple stems and caps some housing chapels and living areas can be found here, this style being unique to this area. A chapel dedicated to St. Simeon, and a hermit's shelter is built into one such fairy chimney with three heads.
Sobessos;
Newly discovered mosaic houses and archeological excavation site, the ancient city of Byzantium. Rome bath, Mosaics and more.
Where first Roman settlements traces found in Cappadocia with mosaics. Newly discovered mosaic houses and archeological excavation site, the ancient city of Byzantium. Rome bath, Mosaics and more. Due to the findings, it is understood that the city hosted many settlements from Neo Roman and Early Byzantine Periods.
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